Yoga religion is not a certified religion. This is the form of a new prevalent yoga practice. Presently, it has become the preferred mode of being spiritually healthy and happy in the public. With the efforts of Ashok Mukherjee and Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi, the United Nations General Assembly has declared, 21st June as the International Yoga Day. After this effort of the Government of India, Yog is establishing new dimensions of fame all over the world. Apart from this, many Indian Yogis, Yogacharyas have also contributed to the promotion of yoga. Of these, the name of Baba Ramdev, Sadguru and Sri Sri Ravi Shankar taken prominently.
Currently many yoga schools are engage in the welfare of the people through Yoga religion. Thousands of followers are making their life spiritually healthy and happy through the education of actions and yogasana of yog In these schools. Yog system is a popular spiritual tradition of living a healthy and happy life since ancient times in India. This medium is also the most popular in today’s time for spiritual practice as well as being healthy. That’s why yog will not be inappropriate for giving a name for religion. Yog is actually the means of combining the soul with God like all certified religion, which gives us inner and external power. Enlarges our spiritual knowledge and makes us mentally and physically strong.
Yoga religion leads mankind, darkness to light
If seen, yoga is the means of humanity’s goodness, because yoga religion also leads mankind darkness to light, like all religions. It leads the human from ignorance to knowledge. It awakens the power of positive thinking by eliminating the negative thinking of human. You can say Yog to define as religion that Yoga religion is the old medium in the new form through which human beings receive spiritual and physical pleasures. Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi has described Yoga in this way. “Yoga controls the unity of mind and body, action and thought. Perfection and restraint, have a holistic view of welfare and health among human beings.”
What is yoga? What is its source of origin?
In order to understand the topic of yoga. It is necessary to first understand the history, mystery and sense of the Yog word. Many ancient Indian spiritual and religious texts have appeared proofs in the favor of the origin of Yog.
The oldest usage of this word have found in Rig Veda. (Rigveda 1-24-9) In Rig Veda this word had used for the bondage of animals. This word also have used for bind horses with chariots. Similarly in Rikasamhita, yog and Yogekshem words are found. But the meaning of these words is not related to the word ‘yog’ used in Mahabharata, Upanishads and Yog Sutras. It can also be said that the word ‘yog’ found in the texts of the Rig Vedaic period is not related to spirituality and meditation. The Yog word related to the spirit of meditation and spirituality is not Rigvedic, else It is the word related to the ideology of Arya period.
In ancient Vedic texts, the mention of tenacity (Tapa) and yagna words is mostly found. The purpose of yagna and tapas is to get moksha or to meet the God. It seems as if yagya and tapa, these two words are synonymous or equal expressions of yoga religion. It is also associated with the temporal and supernatural arrangements. Whatever the situation of the Yog in ancient times, but in the present time Yog Dharma just the form of divine and spirituality. The purpose of which is to organize the mind and body only.
This article is a little attempt of mine to tell the thoughts and perceptions related to the spiritual and divine aspects of yoga religion.
Yoga and Sanyas Ashrama
Yog is regarded as the fourth ashrama of the four Ashrams recognized in Hinduism. Some scholars also believe that the Sanyas Ashrama system is the arrangement after Mahatma Buddha. They think sanyas ashrama related to the monk system of Buddhism. they also think that the Mahatma Buddha was the first Yogi or Sanyasi (Monk). But the fact about Yog that ‘Sanyas Ashram came into existence after Buddha, does not seem to be true at all. In fact, monastic lifestyle is an important part of ancient Indian Sanatan tradition. Yog is mentioned in many texts preceding Buddhist period, including several major texts like Gita, Vedanta Sutra (chapters 1 to 6). Some texts of Buddhism also have the impression that Mahatma Buddha had the knowledge of Yog.
Panini also called, meditation and samadhi is Yog in his literature. In the 47th Shaloka of the second chapter of Bhagwat Geeta, yog means evenness. Actually, despite the many aspects of yoga and the Opposition’s views, one thing is fully proved that the meaning and nature of the Yog is most near to the meditation and samadhi. There is no real significance of the disagreement about the word yog. Mahārishī Patanjali, while refuting all disputes related to yoga religion, he has correctly defined Yog as a “योगश्चित्तवृतिनिरोधः (Yogaschit-vritinirodh)”. It is Yog to stop the thoughts of the psyche. That is, Yog is meditation and Samadhi.
Geeta shaloka 2-47
योगस्थः कुरु कर्माणि संग त्यक्त्वा धनंजय । सिद्धयसिद्धयोः समो भूत्वा समत्वं योग उच्यते ॥
(yogasthah kuru karmaani sanga tyaktva Dhananjaya. siddhyasiddhyoh samo bhootva samatvam yog uchyate.)
Yoga religion as the yoga darshan of Patanjali
In the past, there have been many masters of yoga religion or philosophy before Mahaishi Patanjali like Hiranyagrbha, Yagnavalkya etc. are remarkable. But the credit for the detailed and orderly description and compilation of Yoga philosophy or Yoga religion goes to Mahashish Patanjali. Mahasishi has compiled the ‘Patanjal Yoga Sutras’ as yog philosophy with great beauty. The Mahārishī has tried to explain Yoga religion through four steps. Those four steps are as follows, Samadhi, Sadhan, Vibhuti, Kaivalya.
Under the first step of yog ‘Samadhi’ Muni Patanjali explained the characteristics of yog in detail. With regard to the detention of the thoughts of the mind and the significance of Ishwar, the samadhi is described. Measures for stabilizing the mind and the distinction of samadhi and the results have described in detail. In this step, it also explained about the distractions and measures of the mind.
Under the second step ‘Sadhan’ Patanjali has easily told about the nature and consequences of Kriya Yog. He has also wrote about five tribulation and the measures to be taken against them. The form of the nature and the combination of the nature and the man, along with the eight forms of yog he have described in detail.
Under the third step called Vibhuti, Yogacharya has described the topic of perception, meditation and samadhi in detail. Along with this, beautifully described abstinence. He explained viveka gyana and knowledge of kaivalaya and nature’s materials result and the result of the mind.
Under the Kaivalya chapter, it told how accomplishment can achieved. Forms, qualities and subjects of sacrament emptiness and lusts has described. This chapter describes In detail about the Dharma Megha Samadhi and Kaivalay avashthaa.
Thus, Patanjali presented the Yog or Yoga religion in front of the world with a broad vision through the four steps. This book is a very important treatise of yoga religion. Patanjali’s ‘Patanjal Yog Sutra’ is the basis of modern Yoga religion or philosophy. you can say that this book is a spiritual guide book similar to the Hindus Bhagwat Gita for those who follow the path of Yoga religion.
Finally, the conclusion is that Yoga is not a religion like other religions, but it is a spiritual tradition that aims to keep society healthy, mentally and spiritually. India is the origin of this tradition and this whole world knows that more than 150 religious traditions have emerged on the spiritual land of India. Yog have some or more effected on all these. Three of these religious traditions, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism are notable, which are most influenced by yoga practice. Yoga religion philosophy and these India’s three main religious traditions, represent a very large religious and spiritual part of the world.