What is Astrology and Astronomy according to the Vedic texts?

Astrology definition and Astronomy vs Astrology. There are three parts of astrology. There are many branches of these three parts. Varamihiracharya has said “ज्योतिः शास्त्रमनेकभेदविषयं स्कन्थत्रयाधिष्ठितम्।”



What is astrology?

The bright lights in the solar system, like the motion of stars and planets, have a subtle effect on human life. The method used to study this effect is called astrology.

Indian astrology is a part of the Vedas. In the six limbs of the Vedas, of course, it has been called as eyes which has the ability to see the past, the future, and the present. Astrology has been given an important place in the Vedas. Based on the Vedic Mathematical system, Indian Jyotish gives information about the outcome, along with the way to avoid ominous consequences and effects.

Astronomy vs Astrology

Astrology also defines as the study of the effects of stars and solar system on human life. While astronomy is the science that is studying what is happening in the solar system and the entire universe. Under it, new planets and stars discovered in the universe. Their impact on the earth has been revealed. In Astronomy, astronomers use many astronomical instruments.

In this way, there is a great difference in the practice of astrology and astronomy. But there is equality in both of them that the topic of study of both are incidents of the universe.

History of Indian Astrology

The 6 parts of the Vedas are Siksha, Kalp, Nirukt, Vyakarana, Chhand and Jyotish. Vedas are Aporushya and Astrology also Aporushya because of Vedang. It is from the beginning of creation. there are Eighteen originators of Astrology according to Hinduism texts. यथा सूर्यः पितामहो व्यासो वशिष्ठोऽत्रिपराशरः। कश्यपो नारदो गर्गो मरीचिर्मनुरगिरा। लोमशो पौलिशश्चैव च्यवनो यवनोभृगुः शौनकोऽष्टादश ठेते ज्योतिशास्त्रप्रवर्तकाः।
Apart from the above 18 originators of Jyotish. There is a long series of scholars doing ‘accretion of astrology through their research and interpretation. Many texts of astrology were destroyed in the invasions of the yavans and many have disappeared. Yet the invaluable content of Jyotish exists in all countries in a published and unpublished form.

Expansion of astrology

The originator of astrology has developed a (त्रिस्कन्ध) Trisakandh Jyotish Sastra with a combination of both the effects of planetary mathematics and planetary rays. So, the meaning of the sakandh is from the parts. There are three parts of Jyotish. There are many branches of these three parts. Varamahiracharya has said “ज्योतिः शास्त्रमनेकभेदविषयं स्कन्थत्रयाधिष्ठितम्।” That is, according to the subject of astrology, there are many differences which are based on three parts (Sakandh). These three sakandh (Part) are: – 1- Mathematics(गणित) 2- Hora(होरा) and 3- Sanhita (संहिता). So it is simple, one part is mathematical-astrology and the second is (फलित) result based astrology. There are principles (Sidhanta) and Karan, Tantra,  of course these are the branches of Mathematics.

We get the knowledge from these branches of mathematics, that how many years, months and days have passed since the beginning of creation. Year ayan, season and motion of planets, number of sun circulation in their eras, Sun-moon eclipse, date, nakshatra, yoga and karana etc. This branch of astrology is also taking help of ancient astronomical instruments.

Astronomy in ancient India

This branch of astrology is also taking help of ancient astronomical instruments. Thousands of years ago, many Indian Astro teachers achieved the target of astronomy and astrology and they composed many texts on the theory of cosmic. Knowledge of planets is astronomy, which is modern science. Two other parts of astrology (part) Hora and Sanhita(संहिता) come in the results astrology (फलित ज्योतिष). According to Varahamihir, the word Hora came from the word Ahoraatra which is “Hour” in English. Hora skandha is also called as a (जातक)Jatak. In Hora Shastra, a map of man’s birth celestial situation have prepared. In the zodiac where the planets located in the sky, they written in those places.

This map is Janam lagan and Janam Kundli or Birth chart in a language of Jyotish. Based on this, it interpreted according to the Falit Jyotish of the consequences of death-related life events from birth. Its philosophical basis is rebirth and Karma.

Subject list in the Sanhita(संहिता) is very long. Many public utility topics are part of such as rain, typhoon, earthquake constellation, comet, meteorite, eclipse-effect, home-building, land water situation, right time of yagya, shakuna, gemstone exams, and effects on the nation. There are 106 chapters including epilogue in Varahamihira’s Bhrigusanhita. various topics have described in this. It is not related to the individual, but it related to the nation and the mass groups.

Important words of astrology

After understanding the expansion of astrology, Now we will understand the important words of Jyotish like the house, zodiac, constellation in the sky. First of all, that place is to understand the sky, in which the planets, constellations, zodiacs are located.
There are 360 degrees in the sky circle (Bhachakra), It has divided into twelve zodiac symbols (Raashis) and constellations. From this, it is known where the planets located, because all the planets are continuously orbiting the Sun in a certain path (orbit). In a Rashi there is 30 degrees and in one degree is 60 Kalas and one Kala is 60 Vikalas. Thus the sky has split. It is necessary for the student to know about them.

What are the planets, constellations and zodiac signs in astrology?

Nine planets are considered in Indian Jyotish. These are the planets – Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu. All are familiar with these names because, in the name of the first seven, seven days a week in the world are popular. The first seven are visible. Rahu-Ketu, are the shadow planets. From the point of view of astrophysicism, the elliptical traversal of the Earth and the Moon (orbit)- The two points which cut each other at one point are Rahu and Ketu or North Node South Node. Both of these points are moving like planets and move at opposite speed. Indian Acharyas have experienced the influence of these. they have given them space in the planets. According to the discovery few years ago, the new planets Uranus, Neptune, Pluto have included in astrology.

The discovery of Uranus in 1789 and Neptune in 1846 and Pluto has discovered in 1930. From the point of view of astrophysics, Sun is not a planet. It is a bright star from its own light. The Moon is the satellite of the Earth. So, Astrologers understand all of them as planets to make the Jyotish simple.

Zodiac signs (Rashi)

zodiac signs are twelve. The names are – Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces. The area of each zodiac is 30 degrees. All the countries of the world regard this as 12 zodiac signs. Their names are in their own languages, there is no other difference. There is no difference in their attributes of religion even in the result. Through the zodiac, the position of the planets is know. Like the exact position of a city on the earth latitude recognize from a long time. In the same way, the knowledge of the position of the planet in the sky is from the amount of zodiac, degrees, Kala, Vikala. Every zodiac has its own nature, attribute, dharma.

Astrology Nakshatra



A constellation is a group of stars. In them, there are many suns and stars. In Indian astrology, the number of constellations has considered 27, sometimes Abhijeet also includes as a constellation. So both 27 and 28 have been used since ancient times to date. The names of the constellations are as follows:



In essence, we can say that Astrology and Astronomy are an ancient practice which is being used in many ways in religious and social life. However, some people suspect the reliability of Astrology. Yet at present, it is very popular. Of course, its credibility is debatable. On the contrary, some people have a deep faith in it. Together it can be assume that Astronomy and Jyotish both are still important topics of the research.

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