Rani ki vav- one of famous UNESCO world heritage sites in India.

Rani ki vav: one of the famous Unesco World Heritage sites in India. now you can see a picture of this stepwell (Bawdi) on the Indian currency

Rani ki van UNESCO world heritage sites in india

Patan, Rani ki vav

Rani ki vav: one of the famous UNESCO world heritage sites in India

India is a treasure of cultural heritage. There is much valuable heritage which makes India the center of tourism in the world. Of course, many of these can be seen in many colors of heritage culture. The reason for this is that here many religions, castes, and cultures live together. So, unity in diversity is the soul of India. Especially this soul can be seen in India’s ancient heritage, buildings, and Bawdi (stepwell). One of these, religious and cultural heritage is ‘Rani ki vav’ (Queen’s stepwell), which has included in UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India list in 2014, and it has been specifically given the title of Queen of all stepwells (Bawdies) in India.

It situated at Patan, a place in Mehsana district, two and a half hours away from Gandhinagar, the capital city of Gujarat state. This place used to be the capital of King Jai Singh in ancient times.

‘Rani ki vav’ is currently the subject of discussion in India, because the Reserve Bank of India has printed the picture of this Bawdi on the new note of Rs.100. This 100 rupee note will be available soon.

Rani ki vav

Hindu Goddess sculpture

Construction style and history of the Queen’s stepwell (Rani ki vav).

In the Gujarati language, Bawdi means ‘Vav’, hence the name of this Bawadi is the Rani ki Vav (queen’s stepwell). Rani Udayamati had constructed this stepwell (vav) in 1063 AD in the memory of her husband King Bhim dev. It had completed later by King Karma Singh.

This Bawdi appears to be the glory of the Solanki dynasty. The length of this vav is 64 meters, the width is 20 meters and the depth is 27 meters. There are seven floors in it. Of course, the grandeur and sculpture of this Bawdi is incomparable, hence it is the center of tourist attractions. Rani ki vav has built by sandstones and It is an opposite temple. In this, there are about 1000 big and 500 small statues of Hindu deities. The grandeur of these idols attracts the mind. Among these idols, most of the idols are from Lord Vishnu and his 10 incarnations, including Rama, Krishna, Narasimha, Vaman, Varah and Fish Avatar etc. Although the rest of the idols are of other Deities, including Lord Shiva, Brahma, Indra dev, and Ganesh, Brahmani, Lakshmi ji, Saraswati ji and Parvati ji.

Completely dedicated to Hinduism.

Rani ki Vav has completely dedicated to Hinduism. The purpose of this stepwell construction is to save water, the belief in Hindu religion and King’s reside of the summer season, seen mainly. This is a wonderful example of Bawdi Marogurjar architecture. This Bawdi was built on the banks of Saraswati river. After the drying of Saraswati river, it became extinct in the silt of river, which was later discovered by the Indian Archeology Department after 1980. There are seven lines of staircases in this stepwell temple. Out of its seven floors, only five floors are open to tourists. On its seventh floor, there is a small door which is 30 km Long tunnel. This tunnel goes from Bawdi to Shivpur village. This tunnel has blocked with clay and stones.

Rani ki vav

An image of Rani ki vav on new Rs.100 Note

Some facts about ‘Rani ki vav’

  • In the summer season, this bawdi used to be the comfort place of the king and here the king spent the luxurious time with their queens.
  • This Bawdi has a temple and a mystery room about which very little information is direct.
  • In 2001, two sculptures from this bawdi have stolen. One of which was Lord Ganesha and the other was Lord Brahma with Goddess Brahmaani.
  • In 2014, UNESCO awarded it the title of (Queen) Rani of All Bawdis in India.
  • Now in 2018, a picture of Rani ki vav have printed on a 100 rupee note.


In this way, we can say in brief that the Rani ki Vav is a holy place of Hinduism, reflecting the importance of water. It is the incomparable grand legacy of India. It has included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in India in 2014 and awarded with the title of the Queen of all Bawdies in India. And now a picture of Rani ki vav going to be the glory of Indian Rupees. By printing a picture of this vav on the rupee, the Indian government has honored the pride ‘Rani ki vav’, which is really entitled to this honor.


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