Jainism: You need to know all about this famous dharma and spiritual path, origin, founder, god, Tirthnkara, sacred text, holy book etc.
Jain dharma changed my life forever.
Jainism is not my paternal religion but it is very close to me. The reason for this is that my childhood was very close to the Jain community. That is why I have the opportunity to listen to the discourses of Jain saints many times. There was a small Jain temple near my house where Shwetambar Jain saints used to come often. Often, we were become the part of Jain Saint’s daily routine. Thus, in those days, I experienced that Jainism is a very beautiful, sacred but strict religion.
Those are the discourses of Jain saints who keep me positive even in adverse conditions. So Jainism changed my life forever. That’s why my belief in Jain religion is firm. This is my ideological freedom, at what time and why should I go to that religion. Because, my Hindu religion gives me complete religious freedom, that I can worship other religions even if I am a Hindu.
So read below to know about Jainism.
India is the only country in the world where you can see many forms of religion philosophy. Many religions have been born on the holy land of India. Therefore, India is consider to be the center of spiritualism. In this country religiosity resides in some form, in the heart of the people. One form of this religiousness is Jainism. Shvetambar and Digambar are two sects of this religion. This religion is consider to be a contemporary of Buddhism. On the contrary, some Jain scholars believe that Jainism had come into existence before Buddhism. The expansion area of this religion is not much. People who believe in this religion live mostly in India. In some other countries of the world, a small number of worshipers of this religion are found, which is less compared to other religions.
Jainism is believe to have originated in the form of resistance to Vedic rituals and Brahmanical thought streams prevailing in Hinduism. The reason for the emergence of both Buddhism and Jainism is the same. An ideology arising in opposition to the Vedic rituals of Sanatan Dharma, which takes the form of a sect. As a result, this sect goes forward in the form of Jainism. If seen, the rise of Jainism was similar to Buddhism. In which the role of protest against the vandalism, rituals and brahmanism were major.
It means that like the Buddhist religion, the main idea of social welfare is also the main section of Jain religion. Therefore, it can be assume that the aim of Jainism is to do good spiritually for the society and the origin of Jainism is also hidden in this purpose.
What is Jain? Who is Jain?
According to Jain texts, the word Jain came from the word ‘jin’, which is the word of the Prakrit language. The word ‘Jin’ literally means, the winner. That is, those who become free from love and jealousy. Those who win over them are ‘Jin’. The same word ‘Jin’ ‘which have changed over time have become Jain. As a result, the Jin religion has turned into Jainism.
Jainism God are known as Tirthankara?
According to Jainism, those saints, who conquer the feelings of love and jealousy. They are Jin or Jain, they are also Tirthankaras. Jainism has 24 Tirthankaras. The first tirthankara is consider to be Lord Rishab Dev. God Rishabh Dev is also found in ancient Hindu texts and Puranas.
Lord Mahavir was the 24th tirthankara of Jain religion. In Jainism Tirthankaras have the same respect as in Hindu Gods Rama and Krishna. The names of Lord Tirthankaras of Jainism are mention in the following manner: Rishabhdev, Ajitnathji, Papanathji, Abhinandanji, Sumatranathji, Padmamaprabhuji, Subashantnath, Chandraprabhu, Pushpant, Shitnath, Shreyansnathji, Vasupujya, Vimalnath, Anantnathji, Dharmanath, Shantinath, Kunthunathji, Arhnathji, Mallinath , Munisravratnath, Naminath, Neminath, Parshvanath and Vardhaman Mahaveer
Shwetambar and Digambar
Over time, there were some practical and policy changes in Jainism. As a result, two categories of saints of Jainism emerged in the form of Shwetambar and Digambar.
- Digambar – This word is divide as two words (Dik + amber = Digambar). Dik means that direction and amber means clothing. The result is the formation of Digambar, meaning the direction is the garment, it is Digambar. Jain Muni and Acharya, who are living in full nakedness, who regard the whole universe as their clothes, who hold the four directions in the form of clothing, they are Digambar Jain sages.
- Savetambara – This word is divide as two words (Savet + amber = Savetambara). Savet is the word of the Sanskrit language. Savet means white and amber means clothing. The result is the formation of Savetambara, Whose clothes are white, they are Svetambara Saints also Munis.
There is no philosophical difference between these two Jain sects. There are some difference between conduct in both of them, but philosophically the path of worship is the same in these two sects of Jainism.
Jainism sacred texts
Number of texts of Jain doctrine is 45. These are consider as 11 Limbs, 12 Apangas, 10 Vikrnas, 6 chhedsutra, four Mool texts and two independent (Savtantra) texts (Nandi Sutras and Anuyon dwar). The Anga texts are the oldest in these texts. Shwetambari gives these texts the most importance.
Digambari believes that all this literature has become extinct. According to Digambari sect, ‘Sat Khandagam’ is an ancient treatise, which was composed by scholars Bhutbali and Pushp Dutt who studied Shruti in the Prakrit language. After them thousands of texts have been created and still are in the process of composing that are influence by the ancient texts written above.
Worship law in jain dharma
The law of idol worship in Jainism is from ancient times. Five posts in Jainism are very prestigious: 1 Arihanta 2 Siddha, 3.Acharya, 4. Upadhyaya 5 Sadhu. So these five are ‘Panch Parmeshthi’. These five people are eligible for worship and prayer. There is a lot of difference in their nature.
Such as: –
- Arihant– Jivan Mukt sant called Arihant.
- Sidha– Those who are devoid of the body. So they are Sidha.
- Acharya– Those who are the leaders of the saints, themselves follow the Dharmacharan and teach the other saints of the Sangh, they are ‘Acharya’.
- Upadhyaya – who practices the holy scriptures and inspires others to practice it. The one who preaches religion, that is, ‘Upadhyay’
- Sadhu– calm, unselfish, winner of the senses, without property, this kind of person gets the title of ‘Sadhu’ in this religion.
Only the statues of Arihant or Tirthankara can be installed in Jain-temples from these five Parmesthi. The statute of their worship is also written in the books. This worship method corresponds to the worship of Vedic Hindu deities. The result of worship is the realization of liberation. This is the ultimate goal of life. Mudra pooja and Bhav-Pooja – both types Is worship by the first external substances and second mental. So, the both ways are must to fulfilled the worship.
Elements of Jain philosophy
All Jain philosophy is based on the ideas of Anekantavad and Syadavad (sadism) and saptbhangi. Apart from this, Jainism works on the seven main elements of philosophy. These elements are as follows: Darvya, Jiva, Ajiva, Asrava, Bandha, Sanwar, Nirjara and Moksha.
The Jiva has two parts, the Mukta and Sansari. Similarly, Ajiva is divided into five parts, Pudgal, Akash, Dharma, Adharma and Kaal. And similarly, Sansari also divides into two parts, Sathavara and Jangam. Similarly, Pudgal also has two subforms, in Anu ( Atom) and Sanghat, With the extension of all these, the entire form of Jain philosophy comes out.
Finely, what I think?
Lastly, I would like to say that Jainism is best path to true and pure spirituality and life. The discourse of Jain saints makes the devotees enlightened. From my experience of Jainism, it is prove that both the sects of this religion, Digambar and Shwetambar are capable to spreading the principles of Lord Mahavira and 24 Tirthnkara in the world after some differences. So