Bhikkhuni Sangha- A Buddhist women monk union

There was much criticism of the rules made for the women monks (Bhikkhuni) by Mahatma Buddha



The Bhikkhuni (Bhikhsuni) Sangha had started only five years after the formation of the Bhikkhu Sangha. However, Buddha applied more rules for the disciplined life of the female monks (Bhikkhuni) and he made them more difficult by arranging rules. The female monks (Bhikkhuni) had to follow the additional fast and Guru’s eight rules and made them subject to monks and made them helpless under the dependence of monks. However, in Tibet’s Buddhist religion, women are currently officially takes the vows to become a (Sramaneris) female monk.

The women of Theravada can easily choose the option of taking an informal and limited vow, like Thailand’s Mae chee and Myanmar’s Thilashin, similar to the historic vows of the Sramani. But despite this, efforts had made to always question the women who walk on the path of Buddhism. In fact, there is no justification for these questions. It’s likely that these things can be Concocted and even rumour.


Parjapati Gautami and Bhikku Anand

Due to the rigorous efforts of mother Gautami and Bhikku Anand, the way has opend for the women to become a Buddhist monk. Mahatma Buddha established the conditional Bhikkhuni Sangha while Buddha was not in favor of forming a Bhikkhuni Sangha (women monk union). Thus, after the opening of the doors of the Buddhist Union (Sangha) for the female monks, female followers of Buddhism can work independently to achieve the knowledge of the highest level of spiritual and religiously, also they can meditate. They are also capable of receiving Nirvana like male monks, and now women can clearly achieve all four phases of Buddhist enlightenment.



At the establishment of the Bhakshuni Sangh, Lord Buddha says to the monk Anand, “O Anand, if the woman  did not get the Pravrajya in this religion, then this religion would last for a thousand years, but now it will be continue just 500years “

This statement is from the Buddhist texts Angutranikaya.


Certified texts of Buddhism mention the ancient women Buddhist monks (Bhikkhuni)


Stories of many prevalent Buddhist women monks (Bhikkhuni), their work and important statements which described in the certified Buddhist texts of Pali language. The most notable mention of these have presented very well in Theri Apdana and Therigatha along with Angutaranikaya and Bhikkhuni Samyutta. Apart from this, the ancient Bhikkunis also mentioned in the Vedic Sanskrit Avadana texts. Bhikkhuni’s stories also described in the first historical certified Buddhist texts of Sri Lanka, ‘Dipavamsha’. Apart from this, the Lotus Sutra also mentioned the record of six thousand Bhikunni. It is said that these Women monks (Bhikkhuni) received predictions about the Bodhisattva knowledge and future Buddha through Gautama Buddha.


Eight Guru Dharmas (rules), Mahatma Buddha tells for the Bhikkhuni Sangha


Click here to read 8 Guru’s rules which said by Mahatma Buddha for Women monks


It was necessary for every female disciple (Sramani)) to follow these Guru’s rules. So that the woman who became a monk could prove herself worthy by preparing herself for this position. While there was no provision for such tough rules for male monks. Perhaps this is the reason for which Mahatma Buddha criticized. But here’s the need to understand the status of women in the social environment of that time. The social status of the women of that time and the situation of today is the difference in land skies. At present woman is more secure and independent than that time. These rules, which were told by Buddha, may be adaptable to the circumstances of that time.



Click here to know the eight rules that said by Mahatma Buddha for Women monks


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